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What is Nutrition?

by Dayna Belsky, Alvernia University, citizen contributor

Nov 14, 2018
Nutrition Facts

How long have you been trying to lose a couple of pounds by testing an abundance of diets recommended online? These pointless tactics make you lose a pound or two, but the weight comes right back. This article will explain the nutrients your body needs and the benefits your nutrition has on your body.

In the Medical News Today, it states Nutrition as the study of nutrients in food, how the body uses nutrients, and the relationship between diet, health, and disease. To dive further in that definition; there are many nutrients your body needs to carry you through the day. These nutrients are proteins, carbs, fats, vitamins, minerals, water, and fiber. If you incorporate all of these nutrients into your daily routine, your body will feel healthier and will thank you for it.

There are many benefits from eating balanced and healthy meals. Since your diet consists of complex carbs, proteins, and healthy fats, you’ll be less hungry because the food takes longer to process in your body. According to a wellness newsletter, Healthline, your mental focus and clarity will be higher than usual and your mood will feel elevated. During the night, your sleep will be sounder because you won’t be woken up by hunger. Along with the weight loss, you will prevent yourself from diseases such as Type 2 Diabetes, and heart disease. There are many pluses to eating a healthy diet.

Now that you have read about the benefits let’s discuss further the nutrients your body needs daily. Fats serve functions such as lubricating joints, helping organs produce hormones, assisting in the absorption of certain vitamins, reducing inflammation and preserving brain health. Some fats include almonds, sunflower seeds, nuts, olives, and cheese. Another nutrient that is important is protein. The Healthline newsletter states, proteins consists of different amino acids. While the body can create some amino acids on its own, many essential amino acids can only come from food. You need a variety of amino acids for your body to function correctly. Proteins include meat, fish, eggs, nuts, soy, and other grains. Carbs are essential for your body as well. Carbs fuel the body, the central nervous system, and the brain. Good carbs include beans, whole-grains, fiber-rich fruits. There are a couple of examples of nutrients your body needs daily.

Other crucial nutrients include fiber, water, vitamins, and minerals. According to an article Why Fiber is right for you, Fiber aids digestion and the sugar is absorbed in your blood slower, so it decreases spikes in your blood sugar. These spikes fall rapidly and can cause you to be hunger later, but fiber avoids all of that. Fiber also cleans your colon from bacteria and reducing your risk of colon cancer. Some foods that contain fiber are whole-grained bread, beans, legumes, and brown rice. Another essential nutrient is water. Water flushes your system from toxins and harmful substances lingering in your body. Vitamins and minerals are also crucial because they heal wounds, bones, and your immune system. Examples of vitamins are green, dark leafy vegetables and berries. Examples of minerals range from anything containing calcium, iron, phosphorous or any other metal. Which include dairy products, eggs, nuts, and seeds.

Nutrition is the study of nutrients in food, how the body uses nutrients, and the relationship between diet, health, and disease. The essential nutrients needed to maintain a healthy diet are proteins, fats, carbs, fiber, water, vitamins, and minerals. The benefits are life changing and can help reduce from certain diseases that are common in America.

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