Acting Secretary of Health Alison Beam announced the Department of Health has published the 2020 Pennsylvania State Health Assessment (SHA). The assessment, titled The State of Our Health: A Statewide Health Assessment of Pennsylvania, points to specific health challenges in Pennsylvania and indicates where the largest improvements can be made.
“The State Health Assessment is essential to the department’s mission, which is creating a healthy Pennsylvania for all,” Acting Secretary Beam said. “It identifies health disparities, opportunities for health improvement, and resources available to support and promote improved health status. The State Health Assessment further reinforces our commitment to promoting healthy behaviors, preventing injury and disease, and assuring the safe delivery of quality health care for all Pennsylvanians.”
The 2020 SHA was developed by the department’s Office of Operational Excellence and the Healthy Pennsylvania Partnership (HPP), along with Public Health Management Corporation and Bloom Planning. The HPP is made up of nearly 280 volunteers, including many from the department, who collaborate on the development and maintenance of the SHA, and the development and implementation of the State Health Improvement Plan (SHIP).
In addition to an overarching framework of social determinants of health and equity, there are eight themes in the 2020 SHA:
- Access to care;
- Environmental Health;
- Mental Health;
- Maternal and Infant Health;
- Substance Use;
- Injury and Violence Prevention;
- Chronic Diseases; and
- Infectious Diseases and Immunization.
From the report, we know that Pennsylvania’s population has become increasingly diverse; in 2019, 82 percent of individuals identified as white, 12 percent identified as black, 4 percent identified as Asian, and 2 percent identified as multi-racial or another race.
It is also an aging population, with 19 percent of the population aged 65 and over. In 2018, five percent of the adult population identified as lesbian, gay, or bisexual, and under one percent identified as transgender. Additionally:
- The percent of high school students who, in the past 12 months, felt sad or hopeless almost every day for two weeks or more in a row, so that they stopped doing some usual activities, increased from 28 percent in 2015 to 35 percent in 2019. An even higher percentage of Hispanic and lesbian, gay, and bisexual high school students reported feeling sad or hopeless.
- In 2019, about 17 percent of adults binge drank, 10 percent used illicit drugs, and 7 percent had a substance use disorder. Lesbian, gay or bisexual adults had a higher prevalence of binge drinking.
- Based on 2015-2017 data, approximately one in two Pennsylvania residents will be diagnosed with cancer at some point during their lifetime, and one in five will die of cancer.
- While tobacco use has declined, it remains a leading risk factor for chronic diseases. In 2019, prevalence of smoking was higher among gay, lesbian and bisexual adults, those with lower household incomes, and those with lower educational status.
- Among adults under age 65 in 2018, about 7 percent were uninsured. In 2019, among adults, 16 percent did not have a personal health care provider, and 10 percent needed to see a doctor in the past year but were unable to due to cost.
- In 2018 and 2019, non-Hispanic black adults were less likely to have health care insurance and more unable to see a doctor due to cost than white adults. Hispanics were less likely to have insurance, more unable to see a doctor due to cost, and more likely to not have a personal health care provider than non-Hispanic white adults.
- Early and adequate prenatal care is important for the health of the mother and to reduce newborn risks. In 2018, 2 percent of females who gave birth did not receive prenatal care. Black females were about four times as likely not to receive prenatal care compared to whites.
- There were 1,833 neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS)-related newborn hospital stays in 2018. NAS was highest among white babies, those from rural counties, and from families with lower household incomes.
- Between 2003 and 2018, syphilis increased by close to 400 percent, chlamydia increased by 59 percent and gonorrhea increased by 34 percent. Black and Hispanic individuals were more likely to be diagnosed with syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia.
- Air pollution is one of the greatest health challenges in Pennsylvania. In 2019, the state ranked 47 of 50 states for the general public’s exposure to acceptable levels of particulate matter.
- Violent crime in Pennsylvania decreased from 400 per 100,000 in 2008 to 306 per 100,000 residents in 2018. Between 2013 and 2018, the homicide rate among white residents held steady at two per 100,000, while for black individuals the rate increased to 29 per 100,000.
“Health departments, other agencies and nonprofit organizations use the State Health Assessment in their planning and program development,” Acting Secretary Beam said. “I encourage all organizations to use this document to educate and mobilize communities, set priorities, generate resources and adopt or revise policies to assure that Pennsylvania is a place where all people can achieve their full physical, mental and social well-being, free of inequities.”